STD Basics


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STD Basics

STD, the acronym for Sexually Transmitted Disease. A STD is a disease that is transmitted through sexual contact.STD's remain a major public health challenge in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that there are approximately 19 million new STD infections each year -- almost half of the among young people 15 to 24 years of age. Yet, most infections have no symptoms and often go undiagnosed and untreated, which may lead to severe health consequences, especially for women. The only way to know for sure is to be tested. If you have an STD make sure you get tested for HIV.


HPV is so common that most sexually active people get it at some point in their lives. Most don't know

they have it because HPV usually has no signs or symptoms and goes away on its own without causing

any serious health problems. There are HPV vaccines that can protect males and females against some

of the most common types of HPV. Click here for "5 HPV myths and the facts behind them."



Genital herpes is a common STD, but most people who have genital herpes don't know it. There are

often no symptoms. If you have symptoms, the most common ones are painful blisters and sores. There

is no cure for genital herpes, but there are treatments for the symptoms.



Many people who have gonorrhea don't know it. Especially in women, the disease has no symptoms. A

simple test by a health care provider can tell you if you have gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is easy to treat and




Most people who have chlamydia do not know it but if left untreated, it can cause serious health problems.

A simple test can tell you if you have chlamydia.

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Syphilis is passed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore during vaginal, anal or oral sex. The sore is painless. A blood test by a provider can tell you if you have syphilis. Syphilis is easy to treat and cure in its early stages.



Many people who have trichomoniasis do not know it. The infection often has no symptoms. Women are more likely than men to get symptoms. You can get trichomoniasis by having vaginal sex with someone who has it. Trichomoniasis is easy to treat and cure.



BV is a condition in which there is an overgrowth of some kinds of bacteria in the vagina. Symptoms include unusual vaginal discharge with a strong fish odor and/or itching around the vagina. BV is easy to treat and cure.

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